Friday, October 23, 2009

Apache:How To Back Up a Web Server ?

I'm busy experimenting with Red Hat Enterprise Linux based Apache web server. I want to backup my Apache webserver, MySQL and PostgreSQL database to another disk called /backup and then copy it to other offsite backup ssh server called
I started this morning with a piece of refreshment in Breakfast and soon caught hold of one of my friend online.He was Domino from Netherland and we met through one of linux forum. He wanted me to help him with the same and I started writing.

Here we go...

There are many tools under Linux / UNIX to backup a webserver. You can create a simple shell script to backup everything to /backup directory. You can also copy /backup directory content offsite using ssh and scp tool.

Step # 1: Create /root/ script

Use the following shell script:

# A Simple Shell Script to Backup Red Hat / CentOS / Fedora / Debian / Ubuntu Apache Webserver and SQL Database
# Path to backup directories
DIRS="/home/vivek/ /var/www/html/ /etc"

# Store todays date
NOW=$(date +"%F")

# Store backup path

# Backup file name hostname.time.tar.gz
BFILE="$(hostname).$(date +'%T').tar.gz"
PFILE="$(hostname).$(date +'%T').pg.sql.gz"
MFILE="$(hostname).$(date +'%T').mysql.sq.gz"

# Set Pgsql username

# Set MySQL username and password

# Remote SSH server setup
SSHSERVER="" # your remote ssh server
SSHUSER="ajeet" # username
SSHDUMPDIR="/backup/remote" # remote ssh server directory to store dumps

# Paths for binary files

# make sure backup directory exists
[ ! -d $BACKUP ] && mkdir -p ${BACKUP}

# Log backup start time in /var/log/messages
$LOGGER "$0: *** Backup started @ $(date) ***"

# Backup websever dirs
$TAR -zcvf ${BACKUP}/${BFILE} "${DIRS}"

# Backup PgSQL

# Backup MySQL
$MYSQLDUMP -u ${MYSQLUSER} -h localhost -p${MYSQLPASSWORD} --all-databases | $GZIP -9 > ${BACKUP}/${MFILE}

# Dump all local files to failsafe remote UNIX ssh server / home server

# Log backup end time in /var/log/messages
$LOGGER "$0: *** Backup Ended @ $(date) ***"

Customize it according to your needs, set username, password, ssh settings and other stuff.

Step # 2: Create ssh keys

Create ssh keys for password less login from your server to another offsite server hosted at your own home or another datacenter. See following faqs for more information:
Step #3: Create Cron job

Setup a cronjob to backup server everyday, enter:
# crontab -e
Append following code to backup server everyday at midnight:
@midnight /root/

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